Cloudinary Blog

Dynamically generating ZIP files with one line of code

Dynamic ZIP files generation with a single line of code

As a developer, you want to allow your users to download multiple files in a single click. An easy way to download multiple files and share them is to generate a ZIP file. When images are involved, you may also want to normalize the original images before including them in the ZIP file, by scaling them down to the same maximum resolution or converting them to the same format.

In the following simple example, 3 images of cats have been uploaded to the cloud.

fat_cat.jpg fat_cat kitten.jpg kitten hungry_cat.jpg hungry_cat

With one line of code, you can generate a dynamic URL that, for example, automatically creates and then delivers a ZIP file containing the cat images, all scaled down to a width of 200 pixels:

https://api.cloudinary.com/v1_1/demo/image/generate_archive?api_key=373364719177799&expires_at=1557919777&mode=download&public_ids%5B%5D=fat_cat&public_ids%5B%5D=kitten&public_ids%5B%5D=hungry_cat&signature=a2f86b73d32d2a778493d6759d59059d0a30076d&timestamp=1464179836&transformations=c_scale%2Cw_200

The ability to dynamically generate and deliver ZIP files to your users by including one line of code can be useful for developers in a number of ways. For example:

  • Social and messaging apps that allow users to select multiple files to send to another recipient, who subsequently receives all the files in one ZIP file (e.g., the Gmail feature where you can download all attachments as a single ZIP file).
  • Applications that include image galleries and allow users to select multiple images and then download a ZIP file with all the selected images (e.g., as Google Photos has implemented).
  • Allowing your users to download multiple images simultaneously in a single ZIP file, where all the images have been normalized to a certain size, format or quality, (or any other image transformation you want to apply to all the images).

Generating ZIP files of images in the cloud

Cloudinary supports generating ZIP files using the generate_archive Upload API method, which can include any type of file, and offers various options for determining which files to include in the ZIP file (e.g., according to the file's name, all files in the same folder, etc). The method also allows you to apply transformations to all the images before including them in the file and set various options for generating the ZIP file (e.g., naming the file). For more information on all the options available for generating ZIP files, see the generate_archive documentation.

Cloudinary enables you to create and deliver ZIP files in one of the following two ways: * Pre-create the ZIP file and upload it to the cloud. * Generate a dynamic URL for creating and downloading a ZIP file on demand.

The Cloudinary SDKs wrap the generate_archive API method and provide 2 separate methods that accomplish these two goals.

Create a ZIP file of images

To pre-create a ZIP file, use the create_zip SDK method, which also automatically uploads the ZIP file to the cloud, and then gives your users a link for downloading it. This option is best if multiple users will be downloading the resulting ZIP file.

For example, to create a ZIP file called small_cats.zip that contains small (50x50) thumbnails of all of the images in your account that have been tagged as "cats":

Ruby:
Cloudinary::Uploader.create_zip(:tags => 'cats', 
    :resource_type => 'image', :target_public_id => 'small_cats.zip',
    :transformations => {:width => 50, :height => 50, :crop => :fill})
PHP:
\Cloudinary\Uploader::create_zip(array(
    'tags' => 'cats', 'resource_type' => 'image', 
    'target_public_id' => 'small_cats.zip', 'transformations' => array(
        'width' => 50, 'height' => 50, 'crop' => 'fill')));
Python:
cloudinary.uploader.create_zip(
    tags = 'cats', resource_type = 'image', 
    target_public_id = 'small_cats.zip', transformations = {
        width = 50, height = 50, crop => 'fill'})
Node.js:
cloudinary.v2.uploader.create_zip(
    { tags: 'cats', resource_type: 'image', 
    target_public_id: 'small_cats.zip', transformations: {
        width: 50, height: 50, crop: 'fill'}},
    function(error,result) {console.log(result) });
Java:
cloudinary.uploader().createZip(
    ObjectUtils.asMap('tags', 'cats', 'resource_type', 'image',
    'target_public_id', 'small_cats.zip', 'transformations', 
    Arrays.asList(
        new Transformation().width(50).height(50).crop('fill')));
cURL:
curl https://api.cloudinary.com/v1_1/demo/image/generate_archive -X POST --data 'tags=cats$resource_type=image&target_public_id=small_cats.zip&timestamp=173719931&api_key=436464676&signature=a788d68f86a6f868af&transformations=c_fill%2Cw_50%2Ch_50'

The response to the API call includes all pertinent information about the created zip file, including the URL needed to access it, in this case:

Ruby:
cl_image_tag("small_cats.zip")
PHP:
cl_image_tag("small_cats.zip")
Python:
CloudinaryImage("small_cats.zip").image()
Node.js:
cloudinary.image("small_cats.zip")
Java:
cloudinary.url().imageTag("small_cats.zip");
JS:
cloudinary.imageTag('small_cats.zip').toHtml();
jQuery:
$.cloudinary.image("small_cats.zip")
React:
<Image publicId="small_cats.zip" >

</Image>
Angular:
<cl-image public-id="small_cats.zip" >

</cl-image>
.Net:
cloudinary.Api.UrlImgUp.BuildImageTag("small_cats.zip")
Android:
MediaManager.get().url().resourceType("raw").generate("small_cats.zip");
iOS:
cloudinary.createUrl().setResourceType("raw").generate("small_cats.zip")

Generate a dynamic URL for downloading a ZIP file on demand

Instead of pre-creating the ZIP file, you can generate a signed URL for creating a ZIP file on-the-fly and on-demand with the download_archive_url method of the Utils API. The ZIP file is created and streamed to your user only when the URL is accessed. The resulting ZIP file is not cached or stored in your Cloudinary account, so this option is best if only a single user downloads the resulting ZIP file and avoids waste if the URL is not accessed by the user.

For example, to generate a signed URL for creating and delivering a ZIP file that contains the 'fat_cat' and 'kitten' images:

Ruby:
Cloudinary::Utils.download_zip_url(
    :public_ids => ['fat_cat', 'kitten'], 
    :resource_type => 'image')
PHP:
\Cloudinary\Utils::download_zip_url(
    array(
        'public_ids' => array('fat_cat', 'kitten'), 
        'resource_type' => 'image'));
Python:
cloudinary.utils.download_zip_url(
    public_ids = ['fat_cat', 'kitten'], 
    resource_type = 'image')
Node.js:
cloudinary.v2.utils.download_zip_url(
    { public_ids: ['fat_cat', 'kitten'], resource_type: 'image'},
    function(error,result) {console.log(result) });
Java:
cloudinary.utils().downloadZipUrl(
    ObjectUtils.asMap('public_ids', Arrays.asList('fat_cat', 'kitten'), 
        'resource_type', 'image'));
cURL:
curl https://api.cloudinary.com/v1_1/demo/image/generate_archive -X POST --data 'public_ids[]=fat_cat&public_ids[]=kitten$resource_type=image&mode=download&timestamp=173719931&api_key=436464676&signature=a788d68f86a6f868af'

The API call returns the URL needed to dynamically create and deliver the ZIP file, in this case:

https://api.cloudinary.com/v1_1/demo/image/generate_archive?api_key=373364719177799&expires_at=1557919777&mode=download&public_ids%5B%5D=fat_cat&public_ids%5B%5D=kitten&signature=45411c9ad47e06a2a9468658d919b045d810ec1b&timestamp=1464180350

Dynamic ZIP files with a single line of code

Generating ZIP files with a single line of code allows you to organize, streamline, normalize and optimize multiple image delivery to your users. Either create the ZIP file and upload it to the cloud, or generate a dynamic URL that creates and delivers the ZIP file on demand. For more information on all the options available for generating ZIP files, see the generate_archive documentation. The feature is available for use with all Cloudinary accounts, including the free tier.

Recent Blog Posts

With automatic video subtitles, silence speaks volumes

The last time you scrolled through the feed on your favorite social site, chances are that some videos caught your attention, and chances are, they were playing silently.

On the other hand, what was your reaction the last time you opened a web page and a video unexpectedly began playing with sound? If you are anything like me, the first thing you did was to quickly hunt for the fastest way to pause the video, mute the sound, or close the page entirely, especially if you were in a public place at the time.

Read more
Impressed by WhatsApp Tech? Build WhatsApp Clone with Media Upload

With more than one billion people using WhatsApp, the platform is becoming a go-to for reliable and secure instant messaging. Having so many users means that data transfer processes must be optimized and scalable across all platforms. WhatsApp is touted for its ability to achieve significant media quality preservation when traversing the network from sender to receiver, and this is no easy feat to achieve.

Read more
New Google-powered add-on for auto video categories and tags

Due to significant growth of the web and improvements in network bandwidth, video is now a major source of information and entertainment shared over the internet. As a developer or asset manager, making corporate videos available for viewing, not to mention user-uploaded videos, means you also need a way to categorize them according to their content and make your video library searchable. Most systems end up organizing their video by metadata like the filename, or with user-generated tags (e.g., youtube). This sort of indexing method is subjective, inconsistent, time-consuming, incomplete and superficial.

Read more

iOS Developer Camp: The Dog House

By Shantini Vyas
iOS Developer Camp: The Dog House

Confession: I’m kind of addicted to hackathons. Ever since graduating from Coding Dojo earlier this year, I’ve been on the hunt for new places to expand my skills and meet new people in the tech space. iOS Developer Camp’s 10th Anniversary event bowled me over. Initially, because of its length. 48 hours? Yeesh. I had no idea that those 48 hours would change my life. But let’s first get a little backstory on my favorite topic: dogs.

Read more
GDPR: Cloudinary's take on the What, When, Why, and How

GDPR is a new regulation that deals with the way individuals' private information is handled. This regulation is going to have a deep effect on the entire internet industry. The fact that GDPR is a European regulation doesn't mean it's relevant only for European organizations. It requires protecting the data of any individual whose data is processed or stored in any way within European boundaries. As the reach of many companies is global, the requirement is actually relevant to a lot of companies worldwide.

Read more