Programmable Media

JavaScript SDK video transformations

Last updated: Jun-04-2024

Overview

After uploading videos to Cloudinary, they can be transformed in many ways.

The syntax for transforming and delivering videos is generally similar to that for images, and you can apply the majority of available image transformations to video as well. For example, you can resize, crop, rotate, set video quality and format or use auto quality and/or auto format, add text or image overlays to your videos, and more.

There are also a number of special options you can use for transforming and delivering video content. For example, you can adjust their size, shape, speed, duration, quality, and appearance. There are also some features that are specific to audio.

This section introduces you to the basics of video transformations using the @cloudinary/url-gen package. For complete details on all video transformation functionality, see Video transformations and the Transformation URL API reference.

If you haven't yet installed the JavaScript SDK, you might want to jump to the quick start first.

See also: JavaScript image transformations

Video transformation functionality

In addition to transformation features that are equally relevant for images and video, such as resizing, cropping, rotating, adding text or image overlays, and setting video quality or format, there are a variety of special transformations you can use for video. For example, you can:

You can optionally specify all of the above transformations to videos using methods that generate image tags or via direct URL-building directives.

Tip
Elsewhere in the documentation, where you see the multi-tabbed transformation code examples, select the JS tab and the js-url-gen library.

Direct URL building

You can build a video URL by:

  1. Configuring your Cloudinary instance.
  2. Instantiating a CloudinaryVideo object for the video you want to deliver, using cld.video().
  3. Calling the toURL() method of the CloudinaryVideo class to return the delivery URL:

The resulting URL, myURL, is:

Specifying a version of your video to deliver

You can specify a particular version of your video to deliver by using the setVersion method. The version is added to the delivery URL as explained in Asset versions.

For example, to specify version 1510668637 of the elephants video from the example above:

The resulting URL is now:

Transforming your video

Videos are transformed by adding serialized transformation instructions to the video delivery URL. For example, to scale your video to a width of 400 pixels, add c_scale,w_400.

https://res.cloudinary.com/demo/video/upload/c_scale,w_400/elephants.mp4

Using the @cloudinary/url-gen package, you transform a video by performing one or more transformation actions on the CloudinaryVideo object (see the syntax overview). Remember to import the actions that you are using:

The resulting URL is:

Tip
Discover alternative ways to apply transformations to your videos.

The @cloudinary/url-gen package installs an additional transformation-builder-sdk library as a dependency, which handles the transformation generation part of the URL.

You can use the Transformation Builder reference to find all available transformations, syntax and examples.

Alternative ways to apply transformations

There are a couple of other ways to apply transformations to your videos that you may prefer to use, for example if a new transformation is not yet supported by the SDK, or if you're more familiar with other SDKs. Note, however, that you won't benefit from your IDE's code completion feature for building the transformations in these ways.

See also: Shortcuts and aliases for other ways to simplify the syntax.

URL syntax

You can add any transformation in URL syntax using the addTransformation method.

For example:

This can be used together with other actions and qualifiers in the usual way. It's useful if a new transformation is added but not yet available in the SDK, or if you're just more familiar with the URL syntax.

Object syntax

If you prefer the more concise syntax used for transformations in the Node.js SDK, you can use the transformationStringFromObject method to build the transformation, and add it to your video using addTransformation, importing only transformationStringFromObject instead of all the individual actions and qualifiers.

For example:

Note
The JavaScript required for this syntax is likely to be heavier than importing the actions and qualifiers separately.

Code explorer: JavaScript video transformations

In this JavaScript app, you can see all the transformations that are used throughout this guide. Each transformation example has its own JavaScript file showing the imports and syntax required. (Use the hamburger menu to see all the files.)

This code is also available in GitHub.

Video transformation examples

This section provides examples of using the @cloudinary/url-gen package to apply some of the video transformation features mentioned in the previous section.

Example 1:

The following example resizes the elephants video to 20% of its original size and rotates it by 20 degrees. It also adds a semi-transparent Cloudinary logo in the bottom right corner, using a southeast gravity with adjusted x and y coordinates to reach the corner of the rotated video.

The resulting URL is:

Example 2:

The following example adjusts the brightness of the video, and sets its radius to max in order to give a telescope-like effect. It then appends a copy of the video in reverse, and then plays forward again, but in slow motion.

The resulting URL is:

Example 3:

In the following example, the walking_talking video is cropped to a 150 x 150 pixel video with rounded corners, focusing on the faces.

The resulting URL is:

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